Friday, September 18, 2015

               Adverb
           We know that 'Parts of Speech' is classification of  all the words  into eight groups based on their nature and function in the sentence : Noun, Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Adjective, Preposition, Conjunction & Interjection .
 Adverb is a word which is often misunderstood and wrongly used. Here is a simple note on Adverb with illustrious examples.

An adverb is a word that tells us more about a verb. It "qualifies" or "modifies" a verb (The man ran quickly). In the following examples, the adverb is in bold and the verb that it modifies is in italics.
  • John speaks loudly. (How does John speak?)
  • Afterwards she smoked a cigarette. (When did she smoke?)
  • Mary lives locally. (Where does Mary live?)
But adverbs can also modify adjectives   (Tara is really beautiful), or even other adverbs (It works very well).
Look at these examples:
  • Modify an adjective:
    - He is
     really handsome. (How handsome is he?)
    - That was
     extremely kind of you.
  • Modify another adverb:
    - She drives
     incredibly slowly. (How slowly does she drive?)
    - He drives
     extremely fast.


We make many adverbs by adding -ly to an adjective, for example:
  • quick (adjective) > quickly (adverb)
  • careful (adjective) > carefully (adverb)
  • beautiful (adjective) > beautifully (adverb)
There are some basic rules about spelling for -ly adverbs. See the table
 below:
Adjective ending
do this
adjective
adverb
most adjectives
add -ly
quick
nice
sole
careful
quickly
nicely
solely
carefully
-able or -ible
change -e to -y
regrettable
horrible
regrettably
horribly
-y
change -y to -ily
happy
happily
-ic
change -ic to -ically
economic
economically

But not all words that end in -ly are adverbs. The words friendlylovelylonely
 and neighbourly,for example, are all adjectives.

And some adverbs have no particular form. Look at these examples:
  • well, fast, very, never, always, often, still
Adverbs have other functions, too. They can:

  • Modify a whole sentence: Obviously, I can't know everything.
  • Modify a prepositional phrase: It's immediately inside the door.
 




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