We know that 'Parts of Speech' is classification of all the words into eight groups based on their nature and function in the sentence : Noun, Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Adjective, Preposition, Conjunction & Interjection .
Adverb is a word which is often misunderstood and wrongly used. Here is a simple note on Adverb with illustrious examples.
An adverb is a word that tells us more about a verb. It "qualifies" or "modifies" a verb (The man ran quickly). In the following examples, the adverb is in bold and the verb that it modifies is in italics.
- John speaks loudly. (How does John speak?)
- Afterwards she smoked a cigarette. (When did she smoke?)
- Mary lives locally. (Where does Mary live?)
But adverbs can also modify adjectives (Tara is really beautiful), or even other adverbs (It works very well).
Look at these examples:
- He is really handsome. (How handsome is he?)
- That was extremely kind of you.
- She drives incredibly slowly. (How slowly does she drive?)
- He drives extremely fast.
We make many adverbs by adding -ly to an adjective, for example:
There are some basic rules about spelling for -ly adverbs. See the table
But not all words that end in -ly are adverbs. The words friendly, lovely, lonely
and neighbourly,for example, are all adjectives.
And some adverbs have no particular form. Look at these examples:
Adverbs have other functions, too. They can:
- Modify a whole sentence: Obviously, I can't know everything.
- Modify a prepositional phrase: It's immediately inside the door.