Wednesday, October 28, 2015

Can't....


We know that the helping verb 'can't'  is used to express inability to do something. There are some interesting collocations with can't  that may sometimes denote different or figurative  meaning. Here is a list : 


Monday, October 19, 2015

Have , Has, Had

       Have , Has, Had  : 
                                     

Singular
Plural
Present
has
have
Past
had
had
  'Have forms' are an important set in Auxiliary ( Helping) verbs. They can act independently as Main verbs and also help other main verbs.        
                                                                                                           

 How & When to use ‘have’ forms :  

1.   ‘Have forms’ are used as main verbs, independently, as substitute for the main verbs  possess, eat,               drink, get..etc. ( Simple present tense / Simple past tense )

  Ex:    I/we/you/they have a cycle .  
           I have my lunch at 1.30pm regularly
           He/ she/It has many toys.      
           He has his tea at 7am every day.
           I had my dinner at 8pm.        
          They had many books in school days.
           I shall have my lunch later. ( Simple Future)

2. As helping verb, used before V3, (Present/Past/Future Perfect Tense )         
   
   Ex : I have taken lunch just now.  
         We have received a message.
         She has just finished her work. 
         They have already got the results.
         We shall have arrived by that time.
         He will have attended the work.

·    Generally we avoid telling time in any Perfect Tense. We can use the signal words/ adverbs of time                 like just now, just then, recently, lately, already..etc.

3. As helping verb , used before  been+ ing   ( Present/Past/Future perfect continuous tenses )

  Ex : I /We/You/They have been learning grammar.
         He/ She has been waiting for the bus.   
         I/We/He/They had been working on that project.
        I/we/He/They will have been watching the cricket match.
  •    ‘Have been’ verb form without main verb  is also used instead of the verbs   ‘ go, visit , exist ‘
                           I have been to Delhi many times.  She has been to London once.
                           He has been good.   It has been there over a long time.

4. As helping verb, used before ‘been +v3’ in Passive Voice.
   ( Present/Past/Future Perfect Tense-  Passive Voice )

    Ex:    The call has been received.    
             All the books have already been sold out.
             The guests had been invited.
             The results will have been declared.
  




Thursday, October 15, 2015

Do, does, did

 Do”  forms( do, does, did )           

'Do' form
  Positive sentences    
Negative sentences
Questions
Do
(Simple Present)

I/we/you/they play
cricket.
I/we/you/they do not play cricket.

Do I play cricket?
Does
(Simple Present)

She/he/it plays cricket.

She/he/it doesn’t play cricket.
Does he play cricket?
Did
(Simple Past)

I/we/you/he/she/it
played  cricket.
I/we/you/he/she/it
didn’t play cricket.
Did they play cricket?
Note:   ‘Do’  forms are used to make  Negative sentences and Questions in Simple Present & Simple Past Tenses only. All ‘do forms’ take only V1 after them.‘done’ is V3 ( past participle) , not a helping verb.
  

Simple present
Simple Past
Singular
  does
 did
Plural
  do
  did
  



  •  Play  (V1)    =    do + play  ( we expand V1 into  ‘do+ play’ in questions & ‘do+not+play’ in negative sentence )
  •   Plays ( S-form) =    does + play   
  •   Played  ( V2)      =    did + play 
·   We can also use ‘do forms’ even in Positive sentences to emphasize an action:
Ex :  Please do attend the party.
        He does come regularly.
        I did attend the class yesterday.

     

Wednesday, October 14, 2015

Simple Present- Do forms


Observe how Do, Does are used in Simple Present Tense:

Simple Present Tense Chart
Types of Sentences
Subject

+ / -
Main Verb
-
+ Positive  Sentence
I
-
live
in Chennai.
We
-
play
football.
He /She / /Ram/ Radha
-
plays
chess.
- Negative
Sentence
I / We
do
not
eat
berries.
You / They
do
not
watch
movies
He /She/ Sarat / Padma
does
not
live
in a big house.
? Interrogative
Sentence
(Question)
Do
I / we
-
make
a lot of money?
Do
You / they
-
speak
English in school?
Does
She / He
-
clean
the house everyday ?

Monday, October 12, 2015

Pronouns& Primary Helping verbs



  •  Personal Pronouns take relevant Primary Helping Verbs to start  certain verb forms. Here is a table of the Personal Pronouns and their corresponding Primary Helping Verbs. 


PRONOUNS & PRIMARY HELPING VERBS

      Be forms
  Have forms 
    Do forms


PRONOUNS


Present
   
  Past

Present

Past

Present

Past
 I
 am
 was
have
had
 do
did
WE
are
were
have
had
do
did
YOU
are
were
have
had
do
did
HE/ SHE / IT
is
was
has
had
does
did
THEY
are
were
have
had
do
did