Wednesday, October 7, 2015

am, is, are ...


The basic function of   ‘am’  at four situations  :  
  ‘Am’  is a unique word used when the subject is  ‘I’  in the Present Tense.
    a)  I am  a singer. ( a fact, independent use, acting as main verb, Simple Present  Tense)             
          I am here in the class room.   I am a learner.  I am happy.   (   ,,     ,,    ,,    )
    b)  I am singing now.  ( Present Continuous Tense, helping ‘ing form’ of a main verb)
    c)  I am called Chinnu.  (Simple Present Tense, Passive Voice, helping V3,)
    d) I am being asked many questions by the teacher. ( Present Continuous Tense, Passive Voice, helping V3 + another Be form ‘being’)         
           I am being asked many questions by the teacher.  ( Passive Voice ) =
           The teacher is asking me many questions. ( Active Voice)

The basic function of   ‘are’  at four situations  :  
    a)  We are  friends. ( a fact, independent use, acting as main verb, Simple Present  Tense)             
      We/ You /They  are  in the class room.They are  students .They are good.( ,,  ,, ,,)

  b)  We are learning Be-forms at the moment.  ( Present Continuous Tense, helping ‘ing form’of a main verb)
  
  c)  We are called ‘Hi-fives’.  (Simple Present Tense, Passive Voice, helping V3,)
   d) We are being imitated by other class mates. ( Present Continuous Tense, Passive Voice, helping V3 + another Be form ‘being’)         


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